Learning Disabilities And The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act

1834 Words Sep 16th, 2016 8 Pages
Learning Disabilities
According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004), a learning disability can be defined as “a disorder in one of more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding on in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations.” The disorders included under learning disabled are perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. It does not include learning problems due to visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage (Pullen, 2016). Due to the troublesome process of learning, students may present difficulties with comprehension. Throughout history, student transitioning from elementary to middle school grades face a larger complication when they are expected to ‘read to learn’ instead of learn to read. (Kim, Linan-Thompson & Misquitta, 2012).
Students with learning disabilities are often identified by parents or teachers at an early age. These individuals are usually provided with services such as interventions that target areas of weaknesses and teach various strategies to be utilized. There are cases in which student have not been identified as learning disabled and are delayed in receiving services. In the United States, approximately 50% of students that…

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