Essay on Leadership Styles

866 Words Aug 13th, 2014 4 Pages
Leadership Assessment Styles
Melissa M. Bunting
Strayer University
Business Management 302
Professor Monique Baucham August 7, 2014

The Authoritarian Leadership Style is characterized by a leader who makes all the decisions and passes the directives to subordinates who are expected to carry these out under very close supervision. Any subordinates’ attempt at questioning the directives given are discouraged. There is little or no opportunity for subordinates to develop initiative and creativity. Employee behavior is closely controlled through such means as punishment, reward, arbitrary rules, and task orientation.
The authoritarian leadership style is based upon the assumption that the leader knows everything and knows what is
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This type of leadership style fosters professional competence. Supervision is minimal as individuals take the responsibility for their behavior. Subordinates are encouraged to express their ideas and make suggestions. However, shared decisions are not likely to occur in all aspects of the organizational operations. Democratic leaders sell ideas. They tend to be warm, confident, and friendly.
The democratic leadership style encourages employee participation and professional growth. It is well suited in environments where people have a very high level of expertise such as software engineers, lawyers, doctors, mature teachers, etc. The democratic leadership style promotes greater job satisfaction and improved morale.
The Laissez-Faire Style is quite the opposite to the Authoritarian style. There is the absence of any real leadership and everyone is free to do as it pleases. Usually, with no goals or direction there is a state of confusion, and lack of confidence in leadership. The employees also often doubt their own ability to accomplish the task at hand, thus productivity is usually very low.
Although this leadership style is not usually advocated, it has its place with persons who are highly motivated and can work totally on their volition. This type of leadership style would also be appropriate when there is nothing significant at stake. For example, if teachers wanted to give a party, then a laisser-faire

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