Leadership and Motivation Essay example

2850 Words Nov 13th, 2008 12 Pages
"Leadership is a process where one person influences a group of others to achieve group or organizational goals- Leadership is thus about motivation."

Table of Contents

Topic Page Number
1 Executive Summary 3
2 Leadership 3
2.1 Leadership Definition 4
3 The Four Main Phases of Leadership Theory 4
4 Motivation 7
4.1 Motivation Models and Theories 7
5 Motivation and Leadership Styles 8
6 Case Study- Royal Bank of Scotland Group: Motivation and Leadership 10
7 Conclusion 11 References 14 1. Executive Summary
This paper is about leadership and motivation. One of the main issues is whether a leader can effectively lead individuals (be they employees or not) without motivating them in way or another.

Leadership is
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Each organization is unique and universal theories cannot be applied to organizations. Example: emergence of good leaders during crises or natural catastrophes in any country like some individuals in charity groups during earthquake aftermaths.
Transformational Also called charismatic theory. It goes beyond ordinary expectations by transmitting a sense of mission and stimulating learning experiences, and inspiring new ways of thinking (Griffin, 2002). Two kinds of leadership: transactional which is almost the same as management as it recognizes what people want out of the job and gives it back to them in exchange of work done, and gives rewards and promises for effort, it involves routine activities; the second type is transformational which raises the level of people’s awareness about significance and value of outcome and how to reach them and it alters the need level of people. Example: the leadership of Hewlett Packard adapting what is known as "HP Way" which rotates around gentle encouragement of people to contribute their employees' ideas and initiatives.

4. Motivation

The Oxford Dictionary defines motivation as "the reason or reasons behind one’s actions or behavior" (2005). It can further be defined as, "the willingness to exert high levels of effort to reach organizational goals, conditioned by the effort's ability to satisfy some individual need" (Robbins et al, 2000). However, motivation does not only occur in the workforce it also

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