Le Corbusier Analysis

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Le Corbusier: Unité d'habitation, Marseilles As the number of people living in cities increased, the number of apartments had to increase as well. During the 1920s, the avant-garde ideal type of housing was the high-rise building. In France after World War II, the need for housing was especially urgent, and in the postwar period the housing complex type was accepted by the government and public, and the introduction of large-scale multi-family buildings started with Le Corbusier's Unité d'habitation, which was built on commission beginning in 1948, with construction ending in 1952. Located in Marseilles, France, the Unité d'habitation was the first new large housing project by Le Corbusier which focused on communal living. He refers the …show more content…
The site and the surroundings play a significant role in the architectural design. However, the features of the building are its most crucial aspects, as it influenced future modern architecture through Le Corbusier's five points of architecture-pilotis, free plan, long and horizontal windows, free façade, and roof terrace-and his Modulor scale system. The points and the system developed from Le Corbusier's early projects and impacted the later works as well. The Unité d'habitation contains several important aspects which make the building special. It employs a special unit system: the Modulor is a system of scale that Le Corbusier developed. He had an idea of the "unit of the proper size" to determine the proper sizes of the apartment in relation to human measurements, a middle-level shopping street, and other communal facilities. The diagram of the Modulor is placed on the entrance wall. From the system, Le Corbusier created the Habitation with seventeen storeys of villa blocks stacked with twenty-three different versions of the basic apartment type for individuals or families up to six people. Based on the Modulor unit, he designed the Habitation with an open …show more content…
From this project, Le Corbusier rejected the nineteenth-century designs by separating innovation from earlier modern architecture, and it was the beginning of the Brutalist movement The main reason for creating the Unité d'habitation was for mass-production. The Modulor system standardized the scale of the architecture through human body and nature, and it created a consistent dimension pattern. It was the perfect system for the habitation's main principle of mass-production. The mass production technique also requires standardization of material and design, and by using concrete, constructing habitations became easier and simpler. Moreover, there was a common problem among the architects: how to limit the amount of sunlight that comes into a building. The solution came out from Le Corbusier's habitation that is using concrete and brise-soleil which blocks the sun from overheating the area. The concrete buildings play a crucial role in the twenty-first century, as most of the buildings around the world descend from the Le Corbusier's Unité d'habitation. The Modulor is also an important system to the architects. The system is based on the human's dimension, which was innovated invention to the architects and for the future architecture. The Modulor helped architects in

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