Language: Dialect And Accent

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Language vs Dialect vs Accent

• Language is a collection of dialects that are usually linguistically similar used by different social groups who choose to say that they are speakers of one language which functions to unite & represent them to other groups.
• Dialect deals with vocabulary, grammar, phonology, pronunciation, etc.
• Accent deals with pronunciation and phonology

• Regional variation
1. A variety of a language spoken by a particular group based on region (caused by geographical barriers)
2. British English vs American English vs Australian English
3. Javanese in Central Java vs Javanese in East Java
4. Korean in Seoul vs Korean in Jeju
5. Hakata dialect vs Osaka dialect
• Regional variation can divided into three main points:
1. International varieties  include different vocabulary, pronounciation & grammar in region (ex: Australians: sole parents, England: single parents, NZ: solo parents)
2.
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• Standard English: RP (Received Pronunciation) (the Queen’s English), (BBC English)
• RP is used by well-educated English speakers worldwide and not bound to certain region
• Non-standard English: LinguIstic forms which are not part of standard English
1. Socially  because non-standard forms are associated with the speech of less prestigious social groups, the label (nonstandard) acquired negative connotation.
2. Lingustically  there is nothing inferior about the nonstandard forms. They are simply different from the forms which are used by the more socially prestigious

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