Post Revolution America

Superior Essays
Post Revolution America prompted major changes to the economy which fostered changes to labor. America’s labor force was evolving from the simple farmers working for subsistence to paid labors in factories. As subsistence farming became no longer necessary the creation of surplus goods started. The production of surplus goods encouraged craftsman to begin to specialize. New inventions and machinery produced efficient factories. Factories could mass produce goods that then be shipped across America. Factories grew quickly and hundreds of new factories were built to keep up with demand for goods. Factory workers became a major part of the country’s’ workforce and developed their own new class. The working class which developed their own …show more content…
(pg. 374) The increased demand for raw materials like sugar and tobacco also changed the market logic for southern agriculture. The Southern market would need an increased labor force to keep up with demand. Slaves for centuries played a key role in southern labor force. The expanded market increased the demand for production and labor. The slave trade exploded. In the 1820’s 155,000 slaves were sold into the labor market. (pg. 374) Slaves are advertised as products for sale alongside manufactured goods, factory equipment and livestock. (pg. 374) The domestic slave trade comprised as much as an estimated 15 percent of the Southern economy. (pg. 374). The growth of slavery during this time period became important because of the labor revolution. Free white men and woman could work similar status jobs in the north and be free, so why should African Americans still remain slaves? The country was beginning to notice that free workers identified with a working class that demanded better treatment but slaves are still characterized by race and considered property. The rise of democratic participation in politics by white men in America helped to divide political responses to the acceleration of the American market economy, specifically on the issue of slavery. (pg. …show more content…
(pg. 498) America however continued the practice of slavery and even defended it. The defenders of slavery offered increasingly elaborate intellectual and religious justification. (pg. 498) With the continued practice of slavery as a labor force America’s politics were changing. Southern advocates of antislavery attacked the slave owners’ assumption of natural superiority over black slaves. The most famous advocate, Hinton Helper from North Carolina. (pg. 499) He wanted the slaves freed, but also wanted them banned from the country. So while he supported antislavery he did not support equal rights. This was the beginning of the political divide caused by slavery. Vice President John C. Calhoun was the most prominent defender of slavery. He argued that “all men are not created equal. According to the Bible, only two-a man and a woman-ever were-and of those one was pronounced subordinate to the other. All others have come into the world by being born, and in no sense… or equal.” (pg.499) This clearly is a divide in thinking and values. Northern white labors had even begun to strike over slave labor. (pg. 499) The thought of having slave labor meant that free labors would never be fairly treated in a society that allowed

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    New inventions created during the Industrial Revolution, such as the cotton gin and steamboat, led to an increased requirement for cotton. The production of this raw material resided mostly in the South, which would then be transported to the North for manufacturing in factories. The 1800s marked an important time during this time period for the South because each decade showed a cotton production that was two times more than the first (Olsen-Raymer). Cash crops such as sugar, tobacco, and rice were also increased in production (“Compare Two Worlds: North vs South”). In total the South saw a export amount of around $185,000,000.…

    • 927 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They argued that releasing the slaves would lead to greater unemployment rates, and crime. The South claimed that abolishing slaves would destroy the southern economy, since they did not industrialize, instead heavily relying on cotton plantations for profit. This resulted in the divide in the Union, between the North and South. Eventually the civil war would be fought, with one cause of it being the issue of slaves. The North, which had less need for them, was for abolishing slavery, and even had several regiments consisting of only black male, while the South, which relied heavily on slaves, was against the abolishing of slaves.…

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cotton King Slavery

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The emancipation of slavery fueled the Civil War. African Enslavement was at the core of success of cotton, yet with the slaves being free after abolishment there was bound to between conflict between the north and the south. As a result of slavery ending ‘King Cotton’ was coined as a tactic used by the southern confederate states to prove that the south could succeed at seceding. If the south shut down the exportation of cotton to the northern states and Great Britain, then Great Britain would ally and support the confederate states. Because of the boycott the northern union blockaded the southern ports causing the south cease exportation thus losing revenue in the cotton…

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The cornerstone speech gave them a boost to hate black people even more. The confederate states were leaving the union in order to protect the slavery. They were so willing to protect slavery that when there was the election to secede they won by a large difference. Stephens clearly articulated the views of the south by mentioning in speech “Our new government was founded on slavery. Its foundation are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the Negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, submission to the superior race is his natural and normal condition.…

    • 937 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The industrial Revolution was a period between the 18th and 19th centuries which changed the way the world produced goods. (shultz 2014) Before the Industrial Revolution manufacturing relied heavily on the use of people for all things that needed to be manufactured. Industrialization brought on the use of technology, powered tool and machines to assist with the mass production of items typically prepared and produced by and family owned businesses. Transportation and communication were broadened which in turn gave people a chance to travel for jobs and be in the know as to where job are located. Though jobs became more plentiful; this did negate the issues that the poor and class faced.…

    • 838 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    An Economic Power Slavery was extremely important in order to grow the nation’s economy throughout the nineteenth-century. Slaves in the nineteenth-century would transform from primarily agricultural to a more industrial way of generating their income through cotton textile factories. These factories were the first factories of the industrial system, and were pivotal to changing the way people worked. Despite this, cheap cotton is the reason why these factories were possible. Thus, slavery had an immense effect on the growth of the U.S. economy.…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    For example the United States Supreme Court in the 1857 Dred Scott Decision ruled that slaves were subhuman property with no rights of citizenship this was a law against the slaves. Also They did not want slavery to end because it was going to hurt the economy and political because slaves brought a lot of income to the south and also to the north by working for the white people. Also the Confederacy did not want to end slavery because the important thing they had with slave was slave labor. For example slave labor where slave that worked on the fields, house, or business of a white…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Market Revolution in America The tide initial a new civil revolution in daily business and national wealth. Under the pressure of war debt and positive economic environment, Americans started their own Market Revolution. They established better road system for transportation and communication; they built factories as powerhouses of economy; they invent steamboat, train and car after the Second Industrial Revolution replacing horses and carriage. Under such climate, the Market Revolution also had profound impacts of the ordinary people. Not only just becoming wealthier, but they also had a different life style compared to their forefathers`.…

    • 1506 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Southern Mindset: An Analysis of the Threat of a Race War, Racial Equality, and Abolitionist Sabotage in the Causation of the Civil War The primary causes for the Civil War will be defined through the perceived threat of a race war, the dissolution of the Southern plantation aristocracy, and abolitionist sabotage in the South. In the South, many commissioners that discussed the possibility of secession were concerned about the liberation of African slaves, which might result in the extermination of the slave owning aristocracy. This deeply rooted fear was actually fomented by Thomas Jefferson, and other members of the southern aristocracy, that felt that liberating the slaves would result in a race war in the south: “A sudden emancipation,…

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    European Slave Trade Essay

    • 1645 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The factories that were in Britain had owners that made a lot of profits and money that was made by ship owners that came and did never leave. Slaves soon built industrial plants to help refine the raw sugar. Slaves had then begun to have bankers that financed and houses grew richer from the fees they began to get. Many slaves had begun to have jobs and work in factories as they worked in factories they began to sell their goods to the part of West Africa. The goods that were brought across were then traded for enslaved Africans.…

    • 1645 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays