Lab Report On The Vinegar With Sodium Hydroxide ( Naoh ) Essay

1559 Words Nov 7th, 2015 7 Pages
Titrating Vinegar with Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)
Introduction
Acids are anions that have at least one hydrogen cation tacked onto their molecular formulas. The Bronsted definition of an acid states that acid is a proton, H+, donor.3 Acids can fall into one of two categories: they can be strong or weak. Strong acids completely dissociate their H+ and weak acids only partially dissociate their H+.3 This means that a strong acid cannot return to its initial state once it undergoes a reaction. On the other hand, a weak acid can return to its initial state. Bases are cations that have a hydroxide anion added into their molecular formulas. Bronsted defined bases as a proton acceptor.3 Just like acids, bases can be either strong or weak. Strong bases completely dissociate their OH- after a reaction and weak based only partially dissociate their OH-.3 Meaning strong bases cannot return to their initial state, yet weak bases can return to their initial state. Vinegar, common in several households, has many usages. It can be used to pickle food, clean hard water stains and prevent fleas on pets.2 But what makes vinegar so useful? For starters, vinegar is made from acetic acid diluted in water. Acetic acid is a corrosive substance, meaning that it eats away at substances. It is comprised of two carbon, four hydrogen and two oxygen molecules. As an acid, when acetic acid comes into contact with a base it loses a proton, a hydrogen atom without an electron. That proton, then, becomes a…

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