Essay on Kyoto Protocol And Global Warming

1200 Words Nov 26th, 2015 5 Pages
The Kyoto Protocol was designed to fight the global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Global warming is defined as the increase of the earth’s average surface temperatures due to the greenhouse effect, which acts to trap heat that would have otherwise escaped from earth. The Kyoto Protocol is able to reduce global warming by forcing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, therefore reducing the greenhouse effect. The initial goal of the Kyoto Protocol was to reduce worldwide greenhouse gas emissions 5% below their 1990 levels between 2008 and 2012 (Jason Shogren, 2004). The Kyoto Protocol is able to achieve this goal by setting different and specific emission reduction targets for each industrialized nation. For example, 7% reductions were targeted in the United States while 8% reductions were targeted in European countries. The Kyoto even allowed some countries to increase their greenhouse gas emissions such or Portugal by as much as 27% (Cocktail Party Guide to Global Warming, 2009).

International cooperation is necessary to address the global warming issue. International cooperation is necessary to address global warming because global warming is transboundary and effects individuals across the globe. The impacts of emissions are independent of the geographic location where they occur. These characteristics of global warming demand global participation for a shared solution.

“Kyoto was the most complex non-military treaty negotiation in history”…

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