The Structural Section Of The Temple Of Confucianism In China

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4.1 Structure
The idea of Confucianism encourages ‘moderation’ (中庸), which emphasizes the importance of harmony, and introduces central-oriented idea. From the case in the Temple of Confucius in Qufu, the main structural sections of the complex are arranged on a central axis, which embody the idea of moderation.
The Kuiwen Hall is believed to be a rare architecture in the Chinese history. It is the second largest and tallest architecture in the Temple of Confucius in Qufu, ranks behind the Dacheng Hall. The tower is built with timber without using a metal nail, still, with a strong structure. There was a huge earthquake in the period of Qing Kangxi Emperor ages. Most of the buildings collapsed at that time, while the Kuiwen Hall stood firm.
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‘Cornice’ in Chinese means ‘the flying eaves’, which embodies the eaves corners raise like the image of flying birds. It has several functions, such as expand the surface of natural light, or facilitate the drainage of rainwater. The Kuiwen Hall has four layers of dougong (四層斗拱), while the most for five layers in the Qing Dynasty, indicates the high technological construction of the hall. It is a two-storey building, with a hidden floor at the middle. Columns of the upper floor are placed on the dougong of the lower

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