Korea is known as the “Land of the Morning Calm.” This expression comes from the beginning of the modern history of Korea. Koryo means “high” and “clear.” This word symbolizes the clear blue sky of Korea. The beautiful nature of Korea is expressed through this ancient name. The beginning of Korean history started from 2333 B.C. The Korean peninsular adjoins China and Japan. Korea was conquered by Japan and divided into South and North Korea at the end of World War II. The Korean War caused devastating damage to Korea. However, it should be noticed that despite frequent foreign invasions, the Korean Peninsula has been under a single government while maintaining its political independence, culture and ethnic heritage. …show more content…
Korea’s educational system is noted for its high quality and standards. Illiteracy is practically non-existent. Korean students pursue their academic goals enthusiastically, and diligently shoulder heavy workloads. Children begin their school at the age of 7. After three years of middle school and three years of high school, students may advance to university for four years of higher education. The university entrance examinations are extremely rigorous, as indicated by the term “admissions war,” which aptly describes the fierce competition.
The election of President Kim Young-Sam in 1933, the nation’s first genuine civilian government in 32 years, has heralded the establishment of a “New Korea” that is leading its people towards social justice and national stability. President Kim’s administration is also looking outward through its “segyehwa” globalization campaign designed to bring Korea into the