Kohlberg 's Theory For How The Self Grows And Develops Is Called Moral Development

1135 Words Sep 30th, 2016 5 Pages
Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory for how the self grows and develops is called moral development. The main idea of Kohlberg’s theory is how people differentiate between what is right and wrong. His theory is made up of three levels: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. The preconventional level is the level young children experience and their thoughts and actions are very concrete. It is made up of two stages called the reward and punishment stage and the exchange stage. The reward and punishment stage, stage 1, is based on avoiding punishment. An example to explain the reward and punishment stage would be a child not taking a toy from their classmate because the teacher will punish them. The exchange stage, stage 2, is based on doing the right behavior because it is in an individual’s best interest. An example to explain the exchange stage would be a child being nice to their friend because their friend was nice to them. The next level is the conventional level and this is the level teenagers experience. In this level teenagers really start to understand their feelings. The conventional level is made up of two stages: the good boy/good girl stage and the law-and-order stage. The good boy/good girl stage, stage three, is based on children filling social roles. An example to explain the good boy/good girl stage would be a teenager deciding not to drink or drive because they think their peers will think less of them. The law-and-order stage, stage four, is based on…

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