The Reign Of King Louis XIV: The Sun King

Great Essays
Kelly Tubbs
Professor Penny Jones
Western Civ II-History 102 Online
Oct. 20, 2014
Louis XIV: The Sun King
Louis XIV was the absolute monarch who reigned in France from 1643 to 1715, a period of seventy-two years, which happens to be the longest reign of any European monarch. His reputation helped steer the French nation into a formidable power during his rule. Louis XIV exerted himself to be a total authoritarian and king of majestic proportions. Known as the Sun King, due to his choice of royal emblem, Louis XIV re-guarded himself to be above all and everything revolved around his whims and ideas.
“Louis XIV believed in forceful foreign policies.”1 He pushed for the expansion of France through military force in four wars, one of which he was completely successful. During these wars, France gained a sizeable amount of land, therefore, displaying the size and strength of the French army. By pushing France through these wars, Louis XIV was able to substantially grow the French army to twenty times the size of his predecessors. His pursuit of land and power led to “campaigns to continually expand territorial claims through the use of military.”2
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By exercising his “divine right” to rule, he expanded France’s borders through four wars. Louis XIV strengthened the army of France, centralized power in the government and implemented many institutions for the fine arts. Louis XIV’s most famous saying, “I am the State”7, helped him rule for seventy-two years, the longest rule of any European monarch. His idea of one king that upheld one law, his law, and one faith among the French people helped to solidify his rule as an absolute monarch.8For these reasons, Louis XIV can be justified as the most important monarch in French history and even the world to this date. His passion for his right to rule as well as his country will not be long

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