Kidney Stones Research Paper

Superior Essays
Kidney stones are made from mineral and acid salts (Mayo Clinic). Kidney stones are often formed in our kidneys, usually because of urine becomes highly concentrated, which allow the minerals and salts to stick together and form the stone (Mayo Clinic. The picture below from the New York Times, shows where kidney stones are usually formed, in the major calyces, where they then travel down the ureter, where it usually becomes painful (NYT). There are several objectives to this experiment: first, making artificial kidney stones that would resemble ones made in the body, and second, see what kind of things help to dissolve artificially-made kidney stones. To make the artificial kidney stones, the right chemicals must be used to be able to …show more content…
Where it is derived from is the concentrations of the ions of the product, or the precipitate. The greater the concentrations of the ions, the higher the K_spwill be; and the higher the K_spthe greater the solubility of the precipitate will be. The objective of the second week of the lab was to find the K_sp of our stones, so that the molar solubility of each artificial kidney stone could be found.
The week two results give us the experimental calculations of the K_spof each of our kidney stones. We compare our results to the theoretical calulatons of K_sp.
For Ca〖CO〗_3, the theoretic K_sp=3.0*〖10〗^(-9). This shows that our kidney stone was not as pure as we would have wanted it, or the way it would actually be when it is formed in the kidneys. The kidney stone might have been contaminated with the other product of our original equation, Na〖NO〗_3.
Our home remedies show that we can use them to prevent getting kidney stones, or to help dissolve them if they are already formed. It would be easier to take, or drink, the lemon juice instead of the home remedy mix, since that one would be kind of difficult to drink. Both did dissolve the kidney stones, it’s just that one might have dissolved it with less amount than the

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