Kidney Stones Lab Report

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Introduction:
Kidney stones are an extremely basic urinary issue. Also known as renal calculi, kidney stones are characterized by their high occurrence and a high repeat rate. This issue results from the arrangement of insoluble salt stores in the urinary tract and inside the kidney. The rate of this issue has expanded in the course of recent years for reasons that are not entirely known, but have caught the consideration of numerous scientists. There are different types of kidney stones, each with different chemical structures. The formation of different types of kidney stones is dependent on the chemical nature of the stone, or precipitate. The solubility of precipitate, its concentration, and the presence of other chemicals are all characteristics that are related to the
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The filter paper traps the solid while a vacuum draws the liquid through the funnel into the flask. These methods aid in the synthesis of the artificial kidney stones in order to determine the kidney stones solubility.

Methods: The three most common kidney stones, such as Calcium Oxalate (CaCl2 and Na2C2O4), Calcium Phosphate (Ca(NO3)2 and 2Na3PO4), and Calcium Carbonate (CaCl2 and 2NaCO3), were the kidney stones that were synthesized. To begin the experiment, the mass in grams of each reactant was calculated in order to create separate aqueous solutions. 5.55 grams of CaCl2 and 6.70 grams of Na2C2O4 were both dissolved in 10mL of water in separate 50ml beakers. After both reactants were dissolved separately, they were then mixed together in the same beaker and then placed inside a test tube. Next, 8.20 grams of Ca(NO3)2 and 5.46 grams of Na3PO4 were both dissolved in 10mL of water in separate 50mL beakers. After both reactants were dissolved separately, they both were then mixed together in the same beaker and placed inside a test tube. Finally,

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