Key Sociological Perspective Analysis

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This assignment is going to explain the different key sociological perspectives that are in our society today. These will include Functionalism, Interactionalism, New right, Marxism, Radical Feminism, Liberal Feminism, Marxist Feminism, Collectivism and Postmodernism.

What is Sociology?
Sociology is what sociologists think of our environment that we are living in today. They outline the different groups in society and how they all work and connect to each other. “Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability
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Similarly in society, the law, family and education systems all work together to function effectively.

Interactionism
Interactionism is also known as the “Social Action Approach” (Billingham.M, 2010). This is because its main focus is on small groups such as patients and young children to see how they behave to make up our society that we are in today. Most interactionists believe that the way we behave is focused on how we understand certain situations in smaller groups. It is also what we think of ourselves when we look at other individuals in the group and how you think they look at you.

For example; if someone walked in to the classroom wearing pink shoes and someone starts laughing because they don’t like pink shoes, then nudges the person sitting next to them and they start laughing as well. This means that almost 99% of the class are laughing at that person because they do not like pink shoes and start to pick on that person. Therefore this is what happens in our society when little is known about the individual as a person but judging of the individual takes
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It is the observations that we make and give men and women certain roles; men go to work and then the women do the cooking and cleaning. The family is seen as a mainly male-controlled society where women do not have the freedom to choose a role in society.

Liberal Feminism
Liberal Feminism means to be free and to be out there to be whoever you want to be. Liberal feminists believe that society’s legislation such as the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Equal Pay Act (1970) have promoted gender equality, and that such legislation will help to improve the lives of women much further in the future.

Collectivism
Collectivists believe that health services should be supported by the Government to take responsibility of looking after the less fortunate through helping them to pay for their taxes and giving them a better life. Collectivists state that those who are poor, who live in squalor, and those living on unhealthy food should get help and support from people who have more money than them. “Those who have help those who don’t have”. Additionally, the Beveridge Report (1942) supports Collectivism by encouraging health services to help people to help themselves. For example services such as the National Health Service

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