Key Causes of Water Scarcity and Researched Solutions Essay

1258 Words Feb 1st, 2011 6 Pages
Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction 4

2.0 Causes of Demand For Water 5
2.1 Industrial Demand 5
2.1.1 Industrial Water Consumption 5
2.2 Agricultural Demand 6
2.2.1 Population Growth 6
2.3 Consumer Demand 7
2.3.1 Economic Growth 7

3.0 Solutions to Water Scarcity 8
3.1 Watershed Methods 8
3.2 Conservation Techniques 9
3.3 Reclaimed Water 10

4.0 Conclusion 11

5.0 Recommendations 12
Reference List

1.0 Introduction
This report is about the increase in demand for water, and its’ purpose is a twofold, firstly to examine and explore some of the causes of the ever increasing issue of the scarcity
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The production of the increased demand for goods and services require water, and as the need for these goods increase, so will water demand.

3.0 Solutions to Water Scarcity
3.1 Watershed
Improvement in water management is one way to reduce water demand. Water sectors that cross political boundaries amidst a certain watershed come together to meet their needs whilst protecting the ecosystem (Klausner, Mitten and Ingram 2007).

3.2 Conservation Techniques
In order to protect the earth, freshwater demand has to be decreased and by doing so the majority of freshwater users need to be active in the process of decreasing the chances of water shortages. Therefore by educating users about adequate water preservation techniques, water demand can be decreased. According to Klausner, Mitten and Ingram (2007), by educating farmers about the finest irrigation methods, they can have the opportunity to use water efficiently. Farmers use a vast majority of freshwater and the Australian farmers can be educated about the methods and capital required to conserve water.

3.3 Reclaimed Water
Reclaimed water is wastewater that has been treated to remove impurities. The substitution of this water can improve the issue of water scarcity. According to Klausner, Mitten and Ingram (2007), countries such as Japan use almost 80% of reclaimed water in their industrial sector. The limited amount of freshwater

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