Analysis Of The 18th Brumaire Of Louis Bonaparte, By Karl Marx

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Over many years society within France has grown, there have been monarchs, revolutions, overthrows, and constitutions written. Karl Marx, through the book, The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, explains the uprising of a new political leader within France, Louis Napoleon or Louis Bonaparte. Bonaparte’s reign to power came with the growing dissent between the social classes within France and the revolution that followed. The choices made by the leaders that came before Bonaparte aided him in his success to become the president within France and then the emperor. Class relations between the petty bourgeoisie, the bourgeoisie, the Proletariat, and the Lumpenproletariate aided Louis Bonaparte in his overthrow of the republic and his gain at a political …show more content…
The fighting between the troops and the people became known as the June Days. The people faced defeat from the National Guard and this lead the pure bourgeois to begin drafting a new constitution. During this time, Louis Bonaparte became elected as the president showing there was going to be a growing of conservatism of the French bourgeoisie. With Louis Bonaparte in command of France, as the president the Party of Order became subservient to him and with this Bonaparte felt he could dismiss the royalist ministry and appoint a government with men loyal to him. From the point of Louis Bonaparte coming into power the Party of Order began to collapse as a political force having lost its majority in the Legislative …show more content…
With the weakness of the conservative parliamentarians and his ability to undermine the Legislative Assembly, Bonaparte declared his intention to restore male suffrage. The interclass dynamic that did not exist between Bonaparte and the Legislative Assembly allowed him to carry out the coup and go one to declare himself emperor of France. Bonaparte created a unicameral legislature and universal male suffrage during his time as president undermining the wishes of the other social classes within the government. There was a stalemate that continued between Bonaparte and the Legislative Assembly. Bonaparte had demands for a second presidential term and money from the conservative majority that lead to the build up to the coup. To fully enact his will, Bonaparte abolished and then restored the secret ballot which lead the bourgeois to believe they had gained their end. After this, Bonaparte had completed half of his preparation work to become emperor of France. He had perfected the parliamentary power to overthrow it, and reduced the executive power causing a destruction within itself. Bonaparte had used the unstable part of the government against itself to gain control for himself and become a powerful leader in

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