Contemporary Political Thought
November 24, 2015
Karl Heinrich Marx Throughout history many ideologies have been created and many philosophers have explained their thoughts and ideas. It has been over a century since Marx’s death, but he still remains to be one of the most highly influential figures (Prychitko). Karl Marx was not known as a 19th century philosopher, yet he was known as a German journalist, revolutionary socialist, and revolutionary communist. Not only did he discuss political and social issues, but he also inquired about history.
Karl Marx was born to Heinrich and Henrietta Marx in Trier, on May 5, 1818 and was one of nine siblings. According to Ball, Dagger, and O’Neill, his father
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Also during this year, he studied Hegel’s ideas and viewed history as a human and labor struggle (Ball, Dagger, O’Neill 144). While editing in Paris, he became a revolutionary communist and a long term collaborator of Friedrich Engels. They shared a philosophical and political partnership, but were later expelled from France and moved to Brussels where Marx dedicated his study of history and elaborated on his materialistic conception of history. In Brussels, he also developed a basic thesis that stated “the nature of individuals depends on the material conditions determining production” and predicted that communism would replace the industrial capitalistic society that was occurring at the time (Kreis). Soon after, Marx and Engels joined the Communist League in London, where they became major theorists. According to Kaidantzis, it was the at the request of the Communist League that Marx and Engels write their positions, so in 1848, ‘The Communist Manifesto’ meaning “the history of class struggles” was published. The pamphlet states that socialism is an innate result of rivalry rooted in the capitalist system and that different social classes have very different interests and desires. Marx stated that as long as societies stayed divided into various classes, class conflict was inescapable. The pamphlet also established the ideas of which communism would develop and proclaimed that the class struggles human history had been based on