Karl Marx 's Theories Of Society Essay

755 Words Mar 24th, 2016 4 Pages
Karl Marx 's theories about society, economics and politics, which are collectively known as Marxism, argue that all society progresses through the class struggle. He was very critical of the current socio-economic form of society, capitalism, which he called the "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie," believing it to be run by the wealthy middle and upper classes purely for their own benefit, and predicted that it would ultimately produce internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system, socialism. Under socialism, he argued that society would be governed by the working class in what he called the "dictatorship of the proletariat." He believed that socialism would eventually be replaced by a stateless, classless society called pure communism. (Bottomore, Giddens and Held)
The main classes in capitalism are the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. However, other classes such as landlords, petty bourgeoisie, peasants, and lumpen proletariat also exist, but are not primarily in terms of the dynamics of capitalism.The bourgeoisie or capitalists are the owners of capital, purchasing and exploiting labour power, using the surplus value from the employment of this labour power to accumulate or expand their capital. The proletariat are owners of labour power, and mere owners of labour power, with no other resources than the ability to work with their hands, bodies, and minds. Since these workers have no property, in order to survive and obtain an…

Related Documents