Karl Marx And Marxism In Jane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte

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Question 1
Marxism is a theory developed by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels on social indifference and classes through the influence of capitalism. The theory explores that society is classed according to their financial or economic standard, In the theory Karl refers to the upper class as the bourgeois and the working class as the proletarait. The theory of Marxist is not only social but also political , he believes that the people of the working class are oppressed by the government system. In Marx’s view the system of capitalism is designed so the rich stay rich and the poor remain poor. Marx believes that through education the working class are able balance the social classing created by the working system this is a process he refers
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Jane should be considered upper level because of her superior education or should she be lower class because of her servant status. Jane's ambiguous class status becomes evident from the novel's opening chapter. A poor orphan living with relatives, Jane feels alienated from the rest of the Reed family. John Reed tells Jane she has "no business to take our books; you are a dependent . . . you ought to beg, and not to live here with gentleman's children like us." In this quote, John claims the rights of the gentleman, implying that Jane's family was from a lower class, and, therefore, she has no right to associate on equal footing with her wealthy cousins. Jane's lack of money leaves her dependent upon the Reeds for sustenance. She appears to exist in a no-man's land between the upper- and servant classes. By calling her cousin John a "murderer," "slave-driver," and "Roman emperor," Jane emphasizes her recognition of the corruption inherent in the ruling classes. As she's dragged away to the red-room following her fight with John Reed, Jane resists her captors like a "rebel slave," emphasizing the oppression she suffers because of her class …show more content…
"Marxist Criticism." A Glossary of Literary Terms. 7th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1999. 147-153.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1929) Problems of Dostoevsky's Art, (Russian) Leningrad: Priboj.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1963) Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics, (Russian) Moscow: Khudozhestvennaja literatura.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1975) Questions of Literature and Aesthetics, (Russian) Moscow: Progress.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1979) [The] Aesthetics of Verbal Art, (Russian) Moscow: Iskusstvo.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1981) The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin and London: University of Texas Press.
• Bakhtin, M.M. (1984) Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Ed. and trans. Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
• Charlotte Bronte (1847) Jane Eyre
• https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-bakhtin-1/
• https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/17926/ctrstreadtechrepv01993i00579_opt.pdf

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