Karl Marx And C. Wright Mills Essay

808 Words Apr 19th, 2016 4 Pages
Happiness is an emotion that is typically explored by psychologists. This can be studied by sociologists too. Sociologists have developed theories that explain responses based on group dynamics. Karl Marx and C. Wright Mills both have a view on society based on the class system. Marx developed his theory based on power within the capitalist system. He believed classes existed and there were disparities in society and those inequalities deprived lower classes of materials and resources causing conflict (Krawford, 2009). Mills took it a step further and explained that there is an elite group of powerful individuals in society that occupy positions in bureaucratic organization and large institutions in industrial societies controlling the lower classes (Elwell, 2013). These theories are more key issues as to why happiness for individuals and groups are difficult to achieve.
Karl Marx focuses on the capitalist system. He deduced that classes existed, there were inequalities in these classes and the lower classes worked to serve the upper class thereby causing conflict. The upper capitalist class controls manufacturing and resources. The lower class, by comparison controls only their ability to sell their labor for a particular price. Now comes the struggle. Power rests with the group that can affect the process of production, whatever that might be (Krawford, 2009). This causes resentment. The lower class feels like they have no power and are alienated in the…

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