1. Kant’s premises on his ethical theory on his own categorical imperative. Kant argues that one must act as though their actions could form the universal law; treat others kindly as an end in itself, not as a means. Furthermore, Kant claims that the only thing that can truly be good is a good will. This good will is necessary for one to deserve happiness, another claim from Kant. Additionally, Kant sees that we are all equals, and as such, moral rules that apply to one person, apply to everyone else and no one is excluded or exceptional.
Kant’s ethics are more focused on the actions versus the goals of the circumstance. Utilitarianism will take whatever measures to ensure that it reaches its desired result …show more content…
Kant discussed his political theory in Metaphysics of Morals where he made his case for freedom placed on rationality gives people their dignity. His political theory of justice is centered around this idea. Kant formulates “Any action is right if it can coexist with everyone’s freedom in accordance with a universal law, or if on its maxim the freedom of choice of each can coexist with everyone’s freedom in accordance with a universal law.”
On the best form of government, Kant believes is to be republicanism. In a republic, the leaders are directly elected and so, for the majority, everyone's vote counts. Any law passed is only effective if its people consent to it. This idea parallels Kant’s ethics of morality and its universal …show more content…
Historical materialism looks at and recognizes the different classes of historical development and how humans produce their means to living and the different modes of production ( i.e. primitive communism, slave labor, feudalism, capitalism). Essentially, class struggle is inherent in our society, claiming there is a struggle between the class that controls the mode of production and the class that provides the labor for said production. Also, Marx looks the structures of the institutions and sees its effect onto things in a broader way that simply cause and effect.
In Marx’s influence to social sciences, Marx examines our relation to our environment - work and our friends and social institutions. Marks analyzed the types of relationships people had with one another under different times of development such as during the phase of capitalism. To sum it up, you cannot look at any part of society without looking at its external factors to determine what is happening and how its being affected. In this way, the social sciences were influenced because social science is a study of class struggle and its effect on people; and, it looked at the exploitation of the labor