Kant's Ethical Theory Of Duty And Ethics

1851 Words 8 Pages
This paper will highlight Kant’s ethical theory that is presented in his book Foundations of a Metaphysic Morals. Kant wanted to establish an ethical system anyone can figure out regardless of sexual orientation, religion, race etc. Kant’s ethical “specialty” is deontology the study of duty. This paper explains want duty is, and all the other factors that goes along with this ideology. I will be presenting two different examples and explaining how Kant would approach the situation using his beliefs. Those examples will be used to help support the following position that Kant’s methods of establishing duties is unsuccessful. Jessica had just gotten her heart broken by Jason, she just could not accept the thought of not being with him. So, …show more content…
Good will is defined as a special constitution of will- character. The good will is focused on you as a moral person, and no so much focused on happiness. This is because you can be moral and happy, but just being happy will not do any good. Well, how do you get good will? According to Kant you must act form duty alone. Duty is defined as the necessity to do an action from respect for the law, and acting from duty is what gets you the good will. Law within the definition of duty about is defined as moral law, which later I will discuss how law comes in form of categorical imperatives. The three principles of morality start with only action done from the duty have true moral worth. Next an action done form duty does not have its moral worth in the purpose which is to be achieved though it but in the maximum where by its determined. This means that the action is done based on duty itself regardless of the consequences of acting on that act of duty. Lastly duty is the necessity to do an action from respect for law. This last moral principle, further defines what duty is: action from respect for law. You must do the action from respect for moral law, moral law being a constraint on the will. There are four kinds of actions one being actions that are opposed to duty, but this one is done …show more content…
Kant does a good job of establishing that you cannot make exceptions to rules you want others to follow, and you cannot treat people like things. Kant’s ethical theory does have respect for people and doing the right thing simply because they are doing the right thing. The examples I gave were people not doing the right thing and failing the maxim making them not okay for the world. However, the aspects of the dilemma that were problematic were how exactly should the maxim be created, what is too broad of a maxim or what is to narrow. Also, consequences did not matter, for the first example Skylar had an ideal of what was happening with her friend but choose not to stop it. Kant’s ethical theory dose a good job of caring for people, just not every aspect of each party involved in the situation under certain

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