Kantianism And Utilitarianism

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Abortion has long presented a real-world ethical issue that invokes many differing viewpoints on the morality of terminating a fetus during a pregnancy. While modern medicine and technology now allow women to undergo an abortion based on their own will and need in many countries, that does not necessarily make the act of abortion ethically correct. The optimal manner of examining this issue is through the application of different moral philosophical theories—in this case, Kantianism and Utilitarianism. While the two theories offer essentially opposite views on the issue, I find that Utilitarianism offers a superior answer to the moral question of abortion because it offers a more nuanced approach to understanding, justifying, and resolving …show more content…
Therefore, persons wishing to act in an ethically sound manner should strive to bring about the greatest possible amount of happiness for the greatest possible number of people. Similarly, people incapable of making choices that produce happiness should instead strive to create the least amount of unhappiness. Utilitarianism is focused on the outcome of a person’s actions. That is, it is a theory that concerns itself with consequences of an actor’s choice in a given situation rather than the actions in …show more content…
According to Kant, abortion would be immoral because it would be irrational to will that every pregnant woman undergoes an abortion. The act of every pregnant woman aborting a fetus would, ultimately, end humanity and thus end abortion, which is completely irrational. Unlike Kantianism, Utilitarianism maintains that the morality of an abortion depends on the case—that is, an abortion is not morally wrong if it maximizes the happiness of the mother and the future child when considering their future

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