Analysis Of Grounding For The Metaphysics Of Morals By Kant
‘Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law’ – Immanuel Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals
Immanuel Kant praised the absolute truth, rejecting at all costs any lie. The dilemma of truth and lying, Kant believed, is the eventual subject for brisk disputes.
The Basic Concepts of Kantian Ethics
Immanuel Kant expressed key ideas of his outlook through the composition of his ethical works, such as ‘Groundwork for the Metaphysic of Morals’, ‘Critique of Practical …show more content…
One individual’s responsibility ends where another person’s responsibility begins. Kant claims that the liar attempts to manage the consequences, ignoring interests of other people and affecting the future determination of events. Therefore, the liar takes the full responsibility of the consequences caused by his lie, however in knowing all of this people still choose to take the risks associated with lying (Korsgaard, n.d.). Discussing the problem, Kant initiates the casuistical problem, the so-called issue of a lie to the murderer at the door. In the ‘Metaphysical Principles of Virtue’, Kant argues that lying is a violation of a perfect duty to oneself. The philosopher narrates a story about a servant who tells a visitor a lie, following his master’s instructions. During this time, the master commits a crime. In fact, the negative consequences would not have taken place if the servant would have told the truth, and his master would have been arrested. Kant argues that the servant is guilty in the crime because of his lying. The philosopher writes that the servant violated a duty to himself because of his lying. As a result, the consequences of this evil are to be imputed to the servant by his conscience. In another extract from ‘On a Supposed Right to Lie from Altruistic Motives’, Kant develops his idea and argues that the liar is …show more content…
In the eighteenth century, the German philosopher claimed that the absolute truth is obligatory, rejecting any lie. Developing the issue, Emmanuel Kant initiated casuistic dilemmas, suggesting a story about “the murderer at the door”. Kant stated that even if a murderer would stay at the door, people are obliged to tell the truth. Therefore reiterating his belief that any lie is unacceptable which caused numerous sarcastic remarks. Developing the problem, Kant put all the responsibility of the negative consequences on a liar, arguing that he or she is to be recognized guilty of the crime on the legal basis. The great majority of philosophers as previously mentioned stated Kant’s idea was wrong. They believed that an individual couldn’t be recognized as guilty of any negative consequence because of his or her telling a so-called ‘white