Kantian, Categorical Imperative And Its Effect On The Total Net Of Pain

841 Words Nov 10th, 2015 4 Pages
1. For the Utilitarian, utility is the pleasures itself, and the absence of pain. The greatest amount of happiness altogether is the basis of the Utilitarianism. It seeks to maximize the total net of pleasure or minimize the total net of pain. Therefore, it holds that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure." Kantian believes that all of the actions of us are ruled by the laws that we give ourselves for the reason. And reason determines the will by the categorical imperative. Good will is the good in itself, not because of it effects or accomplishes. Morally good action is the done by moral laws with good will. According to Kantian, categorical imperative has two formulations which are: 1. Always act in such a way that you could will that the maxim of your act become a Universal Law; 2. Always act in such a way that you treat Humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another as an end in itself and never merely as a means.
According to Utilitarian, the best choice should consider with these questions which are: which one is the best result? Which action will promote the greatest amount of happiness? Physicians have a rule of organ donation that harming the donor would be violating the surgeon. Transplant kidney would be putting David’s life in danger, if the…

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