Essay Kant 's Philosophical Views On Moral Law

1498 Words Nov 10th, 2014 6 Pages
Immanuel Kant lived in Germany during the Enlightenment period where until his ethical beliefs became well known, most people followed the ethical theories of eighteenth century Scottish moralists Francis Hutcheson and David Hume which followed hypothetical imperatives which Kant believed to be driven by unmoral ends since they are driven by a person’s wants and not needs (239). Kant’s notion of what is absolute good follows unwritten universal laws; following those universal laws however are not always to most moral actions and may not follow your own personal maxims. In this paper I will overview Kant’s philosophical views on moral law and his own Deontological ethics, relate his ethics to his categorical imperative, and then I will disprove the ethical constancy of universal law. Not in every case is following Kant’s belief that universal laws are the most ethical actions and it is important for us to understand when it is right to break universal law as it can be for the greater good of society.
Kant’s notion of absolute good is identified as one’s ability to have a “Good Will”. There are many things good qualities of the mind such as “courage, resolution, perseverance, as qualities of temperament, are undoubtedly good and desirable in my respects; but these gifts of nature may also become extremely bad and mischievous if the will which is to make use of them, and which, therefore, constitutes what is called character, is not good” (241). The same goes for “gifts of…

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