Kant 's Moral Theory And Ethics Essay

910 Words Oct 7th, 2016 4 Pages
Kant’s moral theory is based on the fact that one’s action should be governed by a maxim that follows the purity of the will; the idea that one’s actions should be based on a will that aligns with duty and not on the consequences of one’s actions. In the contrary, rule utilitarianism is based on the consequences of one’s actions and how it impacts the overall happiness of the individuals involved. The following paper focuses on the ideas of duty ethics and utilitarian ethics; and how these ideas can be implemented in the case of James Liang. Kant believes that an act is morally acceptable when such an act perfectly aligns with one’s duty. Furthermore, he believed that all rational beings are obligated by the demands of duty. Kant imposes the idea of the “purity of the will” which expands on the principle that one should act on his/her will alone and not act based on the consequences of the action. The “will” may be considered as one of the faculties of the mind that animate one’s bodily actions. The term duty ethics are coined by the fact that Kant strictly enforced that one should act in accordance with their duty, not with one 's inclinations; giving the act moral value, also one’s actions should be motivated by duty alone and nothing else. Kant’s moral theory also delved into the idea of a maxim. A maxim is a “subjective principle that governs action”; a maxim is a rational individual’s actions that are justified with accordance to one’s duty. However, one’s maxim…

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