Kant vs Aristotle Essay
During the 17th and 18th century two philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, arose carving for themselves a trench in the philosophical world. We can see the biggest distinction between the two in their theories of how we know things exist. The traditions of Plato and Aristotle have been dubbed rationalism and empiricism respectively. Under these traditions many well known philosophers have formed their own theories of God, existence and the material world. Through these individual theories I will show how each fits into the category of either Rationalist or Imperialist. The Plutonian philosophers to be …show more content…
Though rationalism was started in the 17th century by Plato, it was further developed by three great thinkers. The three philosophers are: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz. Descartes' most important contribution was his method. He decided to doubt everything he had ever been taught until he came to some clear and evident idea that could not be doubted. He finally came to the conclusion that he was unable to doubt the fact that he was at that moment doubting. And if one was able to doubt then they were able to think, and if he was thinking then he existed. His first principal was "I think, there fore I am (Rogers & Baird, 1981, p. 69)." Descartes started with this basic idea of his existence, and through his mathematical methods, he deduced that everything, including God and the world, existed.