Kant And Aristotle 's Similarities And Differences Essay example

1199 Words Dec 12th, 2016 5 Pages
Kant and Aristotle have similarities and differences when it comes to their ethical theories. Both men believed in logically understanding what was right and moral, but just in different ways. Kant mainly focused on Humans being ends rather than the means to achieving the happiest life possible. Aristotle focused on the “Golden Mean” between emotion and action. Using Sandal’s “Jumping the Queue” and “Markets in Life and Death”, Kant and Aristotle ‘s similarities and differences will become more evident.
Kant states that an action has moral worth if and only if it is done from duty and does not merely accord with duty. The concept of duty, to Kant, contains the concept of the goodwill because in the case of humans like us, action from duty is the paradigmatic case of good violation. Kant also believes that right actions come from practical reason and cannot come from impulses-- overall a right action is right if it is fulfilling a duty. Kant uses categorical imperatives to help explain moral laws because a categorical imperative directs action that is good in itself. Focusing more on Humans being the actual ends, Kant also believed that ends were only to be considered if the action was moral. Kant talks about Hypothetical Imperatives, which say that a particular action is necessary as a means to some purpose, like attaining personal happiness. Kant emphasizes the idea of morality and being free-- a being is free if it thinks of itself as free when it acts; a being must be…

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