Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis : The Most Common Type Of Arthritis

1183 Words Jun 17th, 2016 null Page
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis also known as idiopathic arthritis is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 17 (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Mayo Clinic). Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis causes continuous joint pain, inflammation, and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months while others may experience symptoms for the rest of their lives. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own cells and tissues (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Mayo Clinic). It is unclear why this happens, but both the environment and heredity seem to play a huge part. Between 30,000 and 50,000 children in the US are affected by Juvenile Arthritis (Bird, p. 182). Children with JRA experience exacerbations and remissions of symptoms (Solomon, O 'Brien and Solomon, p. 201). During exacerbations, symptoms worsen and the joints become hot and painful; damage can occur at this point. During remissions, children with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis may resume their usual activities. When they become adults, “75% of individuals with JRA have permanent remission” (Solomon, O 'Brien and Solomon, p. 201). Nonetheless, these children may have functional limitations due to contractures and abnormalities. There are three types of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Pauciarticular which affects four joints or less. It is the most common Rheumatoid Arthritis. The leg joints are usually…

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