Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Justice System Essay

759 Words Sep 13th, 2015 4 Pages
The criminal justice system serves two, often diverging, purposes by seeking to punish criminals, and thus deter crime, as well as rehabilitate the offenders so that they can become upstanding citizens who contribute to society. There is often dispute in the adult justice system about how to achieve both purposes, or which goal should be emphasized above the other. The juvenile justice system has effects as great as, and often greater than, the adult justice system because “[a]nnually, in the United States more than 2.2 million juveniles are arrested with more than 110,000 juvenile incarcerated in juvenile correctional facilities (Snyder, 2006)” and “[n]ot only are these adjudicated adolescents at increased risk of committing future crimes (Doren, Bullis, & Benz, 1996; Bullis, Yovanoff, Mueller, & Havel, 2002), they are additionally at risk of not becoming healthy, productive adults” (Unruh, Povenmire-Kirk, and Yamamoto 201). Once juvenile offenders leave the justice system, they will typically have decades more of their lives when they will hopefully contribute to society. Depending on their sentence incarceration in a residential facility or treatment in community programs may take up the bulk of their developmental years, making their time in the juvenile justice system critical to how they will act later in life.
However the adult justice system focuses its priorities, juvenile justice cannot simply promote punishment and determent of future crimes because juvenile…

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