1. Describe the different models/eras of the Juvenile Justice System and which model to you agree with and why? The Juvenile Justice System has been marked by many shifts in thinking concerning how to treat juveniles. Before the twentieth century, Juveniles were considered property and were treated the same as adults in the criminal justice system. The move away from viewing children just as property to viewing them as those in need of protection happened during Europe’s Renaissance period. The Industrial Revolution brought early child labor laws and programs designed to alleviate the ill of urbanization are precursors to the juvenile justice system of today. In the sixteenth and seventeenth century the concept of rehabilitation began
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Delinquency was thought to be caused by the neighborhood, poverty, urban decay, the family, and child rearing practices. It was believed that the state could and should act in loco parentis, and was able to decide what was in the best interest for the child, and due process was unimportant and would hinder the treatment process. The level of discretion used as this time was very broad and widespread. This model was all about rehabilitation and providing juveniles with a second chance, so therefor, records were held to very strict confidentiality standards.
The next model that came along in the 1960’s and lasted until the 1980’s was the due process model. The due process changes in the juvenile justice system moved away from the idea that a child was property, and began to recognize them as a person with rights and protections. Now the juvenile courts had to provide juveniles with due process. The role of the due process was heightened due to the need to protect juveniles from abuses in the system. The goal of this system was the prevention of future delinquency, rehabilitation, and protection of a juvenile’s rights.
The Punitive model began in the 1980’s and is still present today. Under this model, the function of the system has shifted from rehabilitation to assessing the level of hard to society from the actions of a juvenile and imposing the necessary level of punishment to deter the juvenile from future delinquency. According to the punitive