Juvenile Justice And The Juvenile Court System Essay

708 Words May 29th, 2015 3 Pages
According to Caldwell (1961) the first juvenile justice court was in Chicago Illinois in July of 1899. The main guiding principles in the development of the juvenile court are more or less loosely referenced throughout all four articles for module three. The juvenile justice and juvenile court system today are still evolving. The juvenile justice and court system are loosely based off the adult system in format with added variation to help facilitate rehabilitation among juvenile delinquents. There are still some basic building blocks and principles that helped develop this juvenile system.
In order to develop the juvenile court system the “principle of equity or chancery” was fulfilled (Caldwell, 1961).This principle of chancery/equity led to “parens patriae”, where the state took over guardianship of minors who were wards of the state that needed “…special care, protection, and treatment…”(Caldwell, 1961; Platt, 1969). Another building block of this system like the adult system is the presumption of innocence until proven guilty (Caldwell, 1961).It was also developed to separate the adults from the juveniles when previously all ages were punished together ((Fox, 1996) The juvenile justice system took queues from the criminal justice system that was already in place but evolved it into an organized and personalized way of handling juvenile cases. The juvenile court system based itself as a specialized court just like we now have family courts, drug courts, civil court,…

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