Juvenile Crime And The Juvenile Justice System Essay

1038 Words Nov 17th, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction While juvenile crime decreased in the 1990s, the number of teens in detention facilities continued to rise. The amount of youth in these detention centers more than doubled going from 13,000 to 28,000 between 1985 and 1997. Only 30 percent of these adolescents had committed violent crimes and many of those were misdemeanors. The main focus of the juvenile justice system originally was to rehabilitate youth offenders and it is based on the parens patriae idea which permits the state to interfere in order to move insubordinate youth away from delinquency and to look after their best interests. In order to get a handle on the problem of using punishment instead of rehabilitation in the juvenile justice system, individuals need to be aware of the alternatives that are available.

House Arrest
Imprisonment in walled institutions was becoming more and more expensive in the 1970s and we were also incarcerating more people. It seemed necessary to provide alternatives to incarceration. While still relying heavily on incarceration, the United States entered the fourth phase of punitive policy. This phase lays heavy stress upon the infusion of the offender in what is termed •community-based corrections" (Lilly, Ball 1987). In the United• States, home detention has been in operation in St. Louis since 1971. The early programs were developed to deal with youthful offenders in their home with their families. It was believed that increasing numbers of juveniles…

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