Essay on Justice Is Not Necessary For One 's Happiness

1250 Words 5 Pages
For Plato, justice is an important component for living a good life. If one were to truly be good, then he or she must also be just. Justice is other-regarding, meaning that it affects other people, not the person performing the action. However, unlike Callicles, Thrasymachus, and Glaucon, Plato argues that even though being just does not necessarily have a direct benefit for the person doing the just action, it is still intrinsically valuable. Many, such as Callicles, Thrasymachus, and Glaucon, make arguments against Plato’s assertion that justice is choice worthy or desirable for itself. All three present different assertions about justice and why it is not necessary for one’s happiness. First, Callicles presents an argument against justice to the effect of it being a conspiracy; basically, he believes other-regarding justice is the weak taking advantage of the strong. He argues that justice prevents him, a strong person, from taking what he wants, from whatever weak person he wants, whenever he wants, regardless of what consequences it could have for the weak person. He calls this a conspiracy because the weak people outnumber the strong people, and he thinks that the weak people work together to convince the strong that other regarding justice is actually good, only because, in the long run, it benefits the weak people over the strong. He seems to believe that the only true good would be a strong person taking what he or she wanted from whomever, regardless of the…

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