Essay about Jurgen Habermas
Introduction Jürgen Habermas is without a doubt, the leading social theorist and the leading defender of modernity and rationality. He uses his theory of communication to help analyze the problems of the modern world, and strongly believes the issues can be solved. The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the problems Habermas has analyzed in terms of the modern world, and to put emphasis on basic assumptions and key concepts of his communication theory of society. Once the theoretical concepts have been covered, some illustrative examples will be discussed to show how these ideas could be used to analyze certain real-life social issues in today’s society.
Jürgen Habermas Habermas is one of the …show more content…
The second type of action is the normatively regulated action, which relate to the common values of the group with normative expectations. Hence, normative action is directed towards conforming to the normative expectations of a collectively organized grouping of individuals. The third type of action is the dramaturgical action. This type of action involves the conscious manipulation of oneself in front of an audience or the public. It involves actors who mutually manipulate their behaviours to present their own intentions, and is also social in the fact that such manipulation is done in the context of organized activity. All of this points towards the conclusion that this type of action is ego centered. The fourth and final type of action is the communicative action. It is the interaction among agents who reach a mutual understanding about their situation or they agree upon a course of action through rational discourse and argumentation (Turner, 1998).
The communication theory of Habermas focuses on two major types of action: the purposive-rational action, in other words work, and the social interaction, known as symbolic interaction or communication action. He divided the purposive-rational action even further into