Julius Caesar And The Fall Of The Roman Republic

1796 Words 8 Pages
The Roman Republic was built on the traditional policy of compromise, devoted to ensure the welfare of the people. In time, the struggle for authority brought fundamental changes to the traditional sentiments of the Republic. As territory expansions brought great wealth into the country, power hungry senators and government officials harbored political ambitions and competed for power. Political treachery and self-interest within the senate and the assemblies gave way to economic turmoil and social unrest. The fight for control under the existing Republic ultimately demanded a conversion toward Empire, but before the transition could take place Rome would have to go through a series of civil war, mob violence and murder.

At first, Rome
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Although he hailed from a noble family, he identified with the populare interests of supporting the plebeian cause. During his rule, he instituted many reforms, for instance, he established new colonies for the poor Romans, reduced the number of slaves and offered citizenship to the people living in the provinces. Among his many achievements, his most noticeable works included the formation of a police force, abolishment of the tax system and the reconstruction of Carthage all of which helped fulfill the long-term populare goals. In 46 B.C, he was granted the honorable tribunician power for life. Without holding the office itself, he was granted the Republican censorship. *With ultimate power and control, he dominated the affairs of the Senate, the plebeian council and the powers of the censors, for instance, all the candidates for election of the legislative assemblies needed his approval, all bills submitted to the assemblies did not pass without his consent. This severely diminished the powers of the assemblies and deprived the senate of its authority. Moreover, to preserve his supreme image, he minimized the powers of the governors and passed a law which limited their term in office. Finally, around 42 to 43 B.C, he passed a new law which allowed him to appoint all the consuls, the tribunes and the magistrates. (make it …show more content…
After assuming his role, Octavian formed an alliance with Marcus Antonius and Marcus Lepidus and this resulted into the Second Triumvirate (43 B.C) After gaining power, the triumvirate pursued Caesar’s assassins into Greece and defeated their forces at the battle of Philippi (42 B.C.E). Unfortunately, the second triumvirate didn’t last for long. Much like the first triumvirate, it collapsed under the struggle of powers. In time, Antonius and Octavian went to war with each other and the battle of Actium broke out (31 B.C.E). Octavian defeated Antonius in the battle and was left as the only ruler of Rome. (This initiated the beginning of the roman empire and marked the demise the Roman republic)/ (With this the Roman Republic came to a final close and the beginning of the Roman Empire was

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