Judaism 's Views On Judaism Essay

716 Words Nov 14th, 2014 3 Pages
Judaism is known to be at least three thousand years old. Its origins are argued by scholars and there are several theories on where it came from. One such theory is that the Apiru, who were people without a homeland or property, were those who later came to be known as "Hebrews." Judaism can be traced back to the covenant God made with Abraham and his descendants. This covenant stated that God would make Abraham the father of many descendants despite his old age and would be given possession of Canaan, the holy land. It is one of the oldest monotheistic religions and developed in an age of polytheism and animism. There are three divisions in Judaism including Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Jews. One of the central beliefs of Judaism is that God gave his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai through the Written and Oral Torah. The Tanakh, which is what Christians call the Old Testament, contains the Torah, the Nevi 'im, and the Ketuvim. It was possibly written during the reign of King Solomon, who built the Temple in Jerusalem. It was gathered in the fifth century B.C. by Ezra the Scribe, put in final rough form under the rule of the Macabees around 168 B.C.E., and canonized between 70 and 132 C.E. under the direction of Rabbi Johanan ben Zakai. The Torah contains Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, the Nevi 'im is comprised of the major and minor prophets, and the Ketuvim contains wisdom literature such as Psalms, Proverbs, and…

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