Dictatorship In Yugoslavia

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There is an old expression about the sophisticated construction of Yugoslavia: “Yugoslavia consists of six republics, five nationalities, four languages, three religions, two alphabets, one political party, and only one “true” Yugoslav – the Josip Broz Tito”. He managed to unite the country and to free it from the foreign invaders, hereinafter becoming a leader of the Communist Party and a statesman, in whose hands all political power was concentrated. Therefore, the thesis of this paper is that Yugoslavia turned into dictatorship being driven by the will of Josip Bros Tito, who, in turn, implemented his will via using the respect of people he obtained for coming to his country’s rescue during WWII.
History has proved that dictatorships
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In theory, there are three levels of explaining dictatorships: political, social and exogenous. Political factors include excessive centralization and institutionalization of power in the country. Actually, at the time of war Tito’s Communist Party of Yugoslavia was the only influential political force, which won elections by the majority vote. Social factors included extreme inequality, humanitarian and economic crisis resulting from the war. Exogenous determinants of transitions to dictatorships deal with external effects on the internal organization of the state, such as interventions, sanctions, the spread of ideas and sometimes even geographical allocation of regimes. As aforementioned, German invasion played a crucial role in Yugoslavia shift towards Communist dictatorship. However, the idea of communism itself, promoted by Tito, was not significant, for it was not supported at the very beginning of the party activities in 1930s. O’Loughlin‘s hypothesis of a type of regime being determined by geography seems to be disputable as well. As for the type of dictatorship, this is definitely a personalist dictatorship, based on the power of Tito. It may also be presumed that the dictatorship was one-party, for, although the driving force of the Communist Party was not enshrined in the Constitution, all the power belonged to it. Nevertheless, within this party most decisions were initiated and adopted by or with the consent of Bros

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