Jonah 4: A Historical Explanation Of The Bible

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Introduction To write an exegesis we first have to understand what an exegesis is. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary an exegesis is defined as: “an explanation or critical interpretation of a text.” Now that we understand what an exegesis is trying to complete we can go ahead and do research on a passage of our choosing. For this paper I decided to choose the passage Jonah 4. In this paper we will start off at looking at the context of the passage and then we will do two different analysis on the passage. The two main questions that we will be trying to find out in this paper are: what is the significance of this historical account between the Lord and Jonah? And what does it mean? The two bible versions that I consulted for this paper …show more content…
So without further ado let’s jump into the first section, the context of Jonah 4.

After doing research on this passage and book as a whole, I was able to find out more about the historical context of the book of Jonah. Jonah was the leader of Israel and their boarders were expanding. Jonah’s enemies were from the city of Nineveh, who he wanted God to destroy as he decided that they were evil people. Nineveh was an Assyrian city located in modern day Iraq. As Jonah was expanding the land of Israel he planned on expanding his boarders into Assyrian territory. In regards to religious beliefs Jonah is a prophet of God and the Assyrians in Nineveh are made out to be spiritually confused. The Assyrians are also said to be morally evil and this is why Jonah is enemies with them. To fully understand the text we can use the previous chapters in the book of Jonah to make sense of the background. In Jonah 1, Jonah attempts to flee the Lord rather than going to Nineveh as the Lord requested. He gets on a ship headed to Tarshish, which is in what we know today as southern Spain. As Jonah is on this ship the wrath of the Lord causes a storm and all the other men on the ship pray to their Gods for the storm to stop but, Jonah
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A man eventually wakes Jonah and begs for him to pray to his God, so Jonah prays and the storm stops. Jonah ends up falling overboard and swallowed by a fish. He eventually ends up on shore right on the path to Nineveh. In Jonah 3, the Lord tells him to head to Nineveh again and this time Jonah agrees. When Jonah gets to Nineveh he shouts forty days until the city is overthrown. All of the sudden the king ordered the people to fast and the believed if they didn’t start acting good God would destroy them. This sets the scene for why Jonah 4. Although it is unsure who the writer of the book of Jonah is, they probably wrote this document as it was an important lesson for Jonah and others to learn from. Another important factor to the book of Jonah is the literary context. For the literary context we need to look directly at the passage of Jonah 4. In this passage the main/most important context is the lesson that God teaches Jonah at the end which is in verses 8 through 11. The immediate context is also important and this is best shown in Jonah 4:1-4 as it shows the extent of Jonah’s anger towards the Lord. Finally, the last part of the literary context is the larger context. As stated previously in this

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