John Stuart Mill 's The Principle Of Utility, Utility And Utility Meaning

1492 Words May 17th, 2016 null Page
Utilitarianism is a normative moral approach to ethics that tries to maximise the pleasure and minimises the amount of pain in given a situation. John Stuart Mill analysis the principle of Utility, Utility meaning ‘happiness’. Mill often thought it was important that in any given situation that happiness is supposed to continue to be uplifted (Mill, 1864 p.9). Mill examines, that happiness is the ultimate end in which every human lives their life to, and so anything has to be a means for that end to happen (Mill, 1864 p.52). In linguistic terms, it can be described as a “’theory of usefulness’” – (Vardy & Grosch, 1994 p.63) after the Latin origin of utils meaning usefulness (Vardy & Grosch, 1994 p.63).

Literally, any action must be viewed as either morally right or morally wrong. Vardy and Grosch mentions an ethical situation of abortion (Vardy & Gosch 1994 p.63). The theory first began to be used by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) the reforms he witnessed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries especially the treatment of criminals influenced Bentham. It was in fact John Stuart Mill (1806-73) who fathered the theory later on. Firstly, Bentham thought the right moral way to act was in accordance with the greatest pleasure. To achieve this, Bentham came up with the Hedonic or utility calcus. There were seven criteria’s to focus on, intensity, duration, certainty, extent, remoteness, richness and purity (Vardy & Gosch 1994 p. 65).
The act itself is not good or bad or can be…

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