John Steinbeck 's The Grapes Of Wrath Essay examples

1510 Words Sep 11th, 2014 7 Pages
Ulysses S. Grant once said, “Hold fast to the Bible. To the influence of this Book we are indebted for all the progress made in true civilization and to this we must look as our guide in the future.” In his novel, The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck uses the universality of the Bible to make the account of the migrant’s plight applicable and understandable to all readers. By using Biblical references, Steinbeck is able to put the major themes and motifs of his novel into a framework to which all can relate. Steinbeck uses allusions* to the following: biblical characters, such as Jim Casy as a Christ figure, biblical events, such as comparing the migrants’ exodus to the exodus of the Jews, and teachings found in the Bible, such as the brotherhood of man, in order to apply his book to the lives of many.** Biblical characters, in the novel, play a large part in the universality of the novel. One of the most important biblical illusions that the author makes is of the preacher, Jim Casy, as Jesus Christ. This is most obvious in Jim Casy’s initials, JC just like the initials of Jesus Christ; however, Casy images Christ in his actions and characteristics as well. Jim Casy even compares himself to Christ when he says, “I been in the hills, thinkin’, almost you might say like Jesus went into the wilderness to think His way out of a mess of troubles” (94). This quote shows the pensive nature of Casy and the way that he strives to emulate Christ in his life. Casy’s symbolism to…

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