John Q. Calhoun's Era Of Good Feelings

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Coming off of the “Era of Good Feelings”, the United States government was on the brink of a revolution. During this period there was a renewal of the National bank, a rise in prices for former Native American lands, as well as tariff against cheap British goods, which began to drive a rift in between the only active political party, the Democratic-Republicans. Although unified in their dislike of the Federalist party and mistrust of large government, The Democratic-Republican party had grown heavily divided between the more conservative southerners, who favored slavery and took an off handed approach to the federal governments involvement, and the neo-federalist northerners, whom were anti-slavery and saw the importance for some federal government involvement. This led to four men being nominated for the presidency all from the same party.
Having traveled with his father to Britain and then on his own to the courts around Europe, John Q. Adams had received a colorful, first hand education in diplomacy and politics. After graduating from Harvard
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Calhoun graduated with distinction after a year of law school and work in the office of a prominent member of the Federalist party. He was elected to his states legislation in 1808 and to the House of Representatives in 1811 as a ardent Jeffersonian-Republican. Calhoun was one of the “War Hawks” who advocated war with Britain, and in 1812, when war broke out, he became the majority floor leader. After the Treaty of Ghent, he was responsible for the establishing of the National Bank. He also wrote a bill to establish a nationwide network of roads and canals, which was vetoed by James Madison. Under James Monroe, he acted as the Secretary of War and in 1824 ran campaigned for the presidency as a nationalist and advocate of states’ rights. However, due to partisan attacks by other contenders, he dropped from the race and ran for the vice-presidency

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