John Locke 's The State Of Nature Essay

872 Words Oct 28th, 2016 4 Pages
The idea of the state of nature allows political theorists to consider and theorize about what life was like before there was suitable societies, and governments. Two prominent theorists that address the state of nature are Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Hobbes believed that people are inherently evil. He alleged that individuals will look out for their own self interest before that of anyone else, resulting in a lawless and hostile environment. On the other end of the spectrum is John Locke. Locke had that idea that mankind is inherently good. He argues that humans have the ability to push personal desires aside and looks toward the needs of the group. John Locke presents a viewpoint which is closer to my own. I believe that mankind has the potential to put aside selfish desires for the good of society. One of Locke’s main arguments is that the development of reason among the people leads to peace and prosperity, while preserving our innate moral compass. Therefore, I find myself aligning with John Locke’s theory on the state of nature. One theorist who contemplates the state of nature is Thomas Hobbes. As we will see, Hobbes holds a dark stance in regards to humanity. Hobbes claims that we are animals driven by instinct and passions, and that we drive to obtain our desires above all else. In this view of the world it is man against man, everyone for themselves. Hobbes states that “every man has a Right to every thing; even one another’s body. And therefore, as long as…

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