Essay about John Locke 's Second Treatise And Thomas Hobbes ' Leviathan

1291 Words Mar 30th, 2016 null Page
In John Locke’s Second Treatise and Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan, both authors introduce concepts of perfect societies built upon the initial state of nature for the purpose of ultimately escaping that state to enter a state of civility and peace. The state of nature is one governed by natural laws that each individual understands through their innate sense of reasoning. Hobbes condemns that state because he contends that in the state of nature, there is no property, which propagates fear and death because of a lack of common authority to settle matters on disagreements concerning things like ownership and retributions. Unlike Hobbes, Locke reasons that individuals can actually come into possessions in the state of nature and employs his theory of property to craft a vision of a society in which the common authority can do nothing but support the interests of the individual. To begin, Locke introduces his state of nature as a state of common ownership, meaning that as humans we all share equal claims to the parts of the earth, parts required for our self-preservation, rather than for societal advancement. Locke argues that this state is one ruled by reason and laws of nature that guide our behaviors. Those laws revolve around what Locke notes as the law of self-preservation. Locke writes, “Everyone, as he is bound to preserve himself, and not to quit his station willfully, so by the like reason, when his own preservation comes not in completion, ought he, as much as he can,…

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