John Locke Second Treaties Of Civil Government Analysis

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John Locke wrote Second Treaties of Civil Government in 1690. In this book, Locke discusses “State of Nature”, which is what defines a political society. Locke also says that “State of Nature” is the same as state of equality where “No one has power over another, and all are free to do as they please.” Locke also says that this is not an excuse for people to abuse others and that natural law still exists in this society. Locke mentions that in this society, natural rights are preserved and people are mostly happy. However, this “State of Nature” does not protect everything that a person would like, such as personal property. Some people leave this state of nature because it doesn’t protect all of their needs and they want to form a better …show more content…
A democracy is a form of government where the people are the ultimate source of power and have a large say so in government. However, Locke also says, not all people will choose a democracy. Some may choose other form of government such as a monarchy. Those that do choose a democracy choose a form of government in which the legislature is the most important part. The legislature is the most important part of government because they make the laws and are closer to the people. They will listen to the people more and they will make laws that they want. The legislature, being the most important, has many very important laws. The first rule is for the legislature to preserve society. The legislature has to make only laws that are good for the people and that the people want, according to Locke. Locke also mentions that the legislature cannot raise tax on people’s property without their consent. These are many rules that need to be followed still do this day. Locke says that a legislature does not need to always be in session and can take breaks, like our legislature does today. Locke also mentions that long-term offices holders will be a problem for all legislative bodies. In my opinion, Locke is spot on in his thoughts about the legislature and we all need to be aware of this …show more content…
After this has happened, the attacked party has a right to go to war. State of nature is when everyone is equal and no one is higher that another person in their society they are living in. State of War is the opposite. State of war is when one group does not like another group and they attack for no reason at all. There are two types of war: war in society and war in nature. War in society is over when the attacks between the two parties end. War of nature is over when the aggressive party offers peace to the other side. Locke notes that another advantage of a political society is that the chances of entering a state of war are less. He believes that if there is a supreme leader a nation will be less likely to enter a state of

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