John Locke: An Argument For Education: The Philosophy Of Education

1376 Words 6 Pages
Most developed countries around the world impose a form of compulsory education where people are required to forgo a period of education. In the U.S. every child has access to education from grades K-12. Unfortunately, any higher education comes at a big price. Tuition is at an all time high and student debt reached a record of 1.2 trillion in 2012 . Tuition in a state-public university in 1978 was $688, in 2011 it was $7,701, more than 11 times in 23 years (author, year). Political philosophers have always come up with theories on what is the best option to solve the world problems. And in order to address these critical issues affecting millions of students, for example, whereas John Stuart Mill would argue that the individual should have …show more content…
Locke believes that education is the most important thing that a child needs for it will shape him into the adult he will become. But compare to Plato, Locke focuses more on the rational individual giving his kid a proper childhood upbringing and development rather than higher education for adults where one would specialize in an art or science. Plato said "let early education be a sort of amusement; you will then be better able to find out the natural bent" (Plato, The Republic). To Plato, early education was crucial but he saw it more as an amusement. Locke on the other hand said, "The little, or almost insensible impressions on our tender infancies, have very important and lasting consequences" (Locke, Some Thoughts On Education). Locke would say that the foundation of a human being are the association of ideas that we grow up with and this type of education happens with ones mother and father. Given all this, Locke would not invest into higher education but rather would let rational individuals invest in early childhood development as his prime target for …show more content…
In order to fix the broken educational system, Hobbes would take to the supreme sovereign to make higher education free or affordable to all. Problem with that would be that if people become educated, they might rise up to the Sovereign and challenge its authority. To Hobbes, there are no limits to the powers of the sovereign. If people do decide to remove him, there will be chaos. Plato would argue that people could rule themselves as long as they are rational and educated and just abounds. He says, "the philosopher will have the quality of gentleness". Plato will in no way let a dictator run his government because a sovereign with absolute power can do bad things to society if he is not a lover of justice, knowledge, and is not gentle. Hobbes said, "knowledge is power" and as we all know, knowledge is indeed very powerful that governments try to suppress knowledge and keep it to themselves so people wont be able to rise up. Therefore it is crucial for a government to guarantee free education to all and for

Related Documents