John Bowlby Attachment Theory Essay

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Edward John Mostyn Bowlby was born on the 27th of February 1907 in London and died on the 2nd of September 1990 in Skye. He attended Trinity College, Cambridge and majored in natural sciences and psychology and then served as a psychologist in the army. After 1946 he worked at “the Tavistock Clinic and the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations.” (Goleman. D, 1990).
John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Volume 1 was published in 1969 and Volume 2 was published in 1973 and these detailed his theory of attachment in a child’s early years. He decided to pursue this theory as he was influenced by Konrad Lorenz’s work on attachment and his study on built in or innate attachment (1935). In this study Lorenz showed that goslings “followed the first moving
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Schaffer and Emerson argued that children form multiple bonds in early life and did a longitudinal study over 18 months studying children in their own homes and interviewing their carers. From this study they found that children have four stages of attachment, the first stage which occurs up to 3 months where babies have no preference of who cares for them, but during the second stage at four to seven months the baby will start to develop preferences of who they want to care for them. Between seven and nine months the baby will have a preference for one particular caregiver and show separation anxiety if this caregiver leaves them. Finally the fourth stage, after nine months the baby will form multiple bonds. Criticisms change the conclusions of Bowlby’s research as it proves that one researcher cannot discover everything about one topic, in this case, attachment in children. Also it shows that Bowlby did not find the full spectrum of a child’s attachment. (McLeod, S. …show more content…
A second key part of GIRFEC is a child’s wellbeing and this links to Attachment Theory as according to the Wellbeing Wheel children must be nurtured, safe and respected as well as other indicators but these three link to Bowlby’s Attachment Theory as he thought that these features as well as others were necessary for good bonding. Another guideline that Bowlby’s Attachment Theory is seen in is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child as in Article 5 (Rights and Responsibilities of Families) as parents must nurture their child and governments must support them in this and this means that if a child is nurtured by parents they will most likely bond with them. Also in Article 36 it states that “Children should be protected from any activities that could harm their development.” and this links to Bowlby as if a child does not develop properly they

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