John B. Watson 's ' Little Emotional Albert ' Essay example

1130 Words Nov 5th, 2014 null Page
Although we experience many emotions, such as fear, anger, joy, sadness, etc., throughout the day, have you ever wondered why we feel these emotions? Were we just born with the instinctual ability to feel these emotions, or did we learn to feel certain emotions towards certain things or situations? Amongst the many psychologists that set out to find the cause for emotions, a psychologist named John B. Watson immediately stands out. Not only was he able to discover the mystery behind emotions, but, in doing so, he was also able to literally change the direction that psychology was heading at the time. In the reading, “Little Emotional Albert,” from the book Forty Studies That Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychology Research written by Roger R. Hock, Hock explores this concept using John B. Watson’s controversial theory that allows us view our emotions under an entirely new light.
Over a century ago, the psychology world was nearly dominated by Sigmund Freud and his impressive psychoanalytical view of human behavior. Freud believed that our behavior was generated internally and motivated by our unconscious instincts and repressed conflicts from early childhood (Hocks, 2012). However, by the 1920s, psychology started to take a whole new direction, thanks to the work of Watson and Pavlov and their theory on behaviorism. In complete contrast to Freud’s psychoanalytical view of human behavior, both Watson and Pavlov proposed the idea that behavior is…

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